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French forces under General Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, camped right here from June 20 through June 24, 1781, their sixth camp to their solution to White Plains.

French forces under General Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, camped right here from June 20 through June 24, 1781, their sixth camp to their solution to White Plains.

After the camp in Bolton, the next end of French forces on the solution to White Plains was at East Hartford, where in actuality the troops enjoyed a couple of days of sleep. The Bourbonnais occupied the campsite nearby the Connecticut River from June 22 through June 24; the Saintonge utilized your website from June 25 through 27. The Royal Deux-Ponts camped beside them from June 23 through June 25, as the Soissonnois camped over the road from Bolton from June 24 to June 26 on today’s Silver Lane.

Grenadier, Soissonnois Regiment of InfantryCourtesy Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University, Providence, RI

Joseph O. Goodwin states that “Rochambeau had been quartered at Squire Eliza Pitkin’s house during the south-west part of Main and Pitkin Streets in East Hartford (relocated in 1953 to 173 High Woods Drive in Guilford), perhaps maybe maybe not definately not the meeting that is old, that was utilized being a medical center throughout the sojourn associated with military. … Other officers that are french at both personal and general general public homes,” such as for instance Richard Pitkin’s Tavern (there was an indicator regarding the Green in the intersection of Parker Street and Porter Street in Manchester, erected 1973) “and tales regarding the dances, barbecues, and cattle roasts had been told locally for several years. The Abbé Robin, a Catholic priest using the French military, stated that with this encampment he stated the very first Catholic Mass within the State of Connecticut, which may have now been almost certainly on Sunday, June 24, 1781.

After being kept in the home of James S. Forbes on 135 Forbes Street in East Hartford, kegs of silver had been exposed in the French encampment to cover soldiers and officers, presumably providing the title of “‘Silver Lane’ to that particular locality.” These lines show how local lore had combined with history by enough time Goodwin penned their reputation for East Hartford in 1879. The indication at 201 Silver Lane and Elizabeth Shea Park in East Hartford, commemorating “the officers || and men for the French Army … who camped near this spot in 1781,” identifies Camp 6 regarding the Regiment Soissonnois just; one other three regiments camped nearer the river as suggested in modern maps. Silver Lane, in accordance with Hughes and Allen’s research of Connecticut Put Names, may well have obtained its title from the silversmith who resided there very nearly twenty years prior to the very very first French troops marched down that road. That doesn’t suggest, but, that Rochambeau’s troops are not compensated whilst in Hartford with cash kept in Mr. Forbes’ home. Rochambeau carted considerable amounts of money with him: Admiral Barras had created 1.2 million livres in silver with him, element of a complete of 6.6 million distributed around Rochambeau, as he arrived ashore in Boston may 6, 1781. French troops had been compensated on time, therefore punctually, in reality, that Sturgill states that “to my knowledge the Crown failed to miss having to pay an individual device or officer on time through the eighteenth century.” The troops had been therefore familiar with getting compensated that maybe maybe not a single main supply mentions this, or other, payday! French troops had been paid month-to-month ahead of time; these were quartered in Hartford between June 22 and June 27, and since these people were for a march, it really is quite feasible which they were paid prior to when typical.

The journals have actually interestingly small to express about Hartford where headquarters that is general located: “a big city, split in 2 by the river this is certainly known as following the province. Its very well constructed with some pretty homes, nevertheless the roads aren’t paved,”… “quite a place that is considerable with a river of the identical title,”… “the money of this province of Connecticut, can be found from the west bank associated with river of this name … large, well-built, with an excellent state household plus some extremely wealthy inhabitants”, are typical responses. The comte de LauberdiГЁre described Hartford as being a city of “three to four hundred homes, the roads aren’t paved, they have been quite wide, the Court home (sic. The current state home ended up being built just in 1796; the French troops saw a youthful edifice) where in fact the basic set up associated with state satisfies is extremely big and gorgeous. … The province of Connecticut abounds with pasturage; the pets listed here are of the most useful beauty. They also grow wheat right right right here of that they ship the flour towards the Antilles.”

32. Camp Г  East-hartford, le 22 Juin, 12 1/2 kilometers de Bolton, le 23 and 24 SГ©jour; undated; Louis-Alexandre Berthier Collection, Portfolio IX, Packet 21-6; Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Reproduced with authorization of Princeton University Library

There is certainly a plaque to commemorate the hospital that is french of on principal Street during the north-west part of principal Street and Pitkin Avenue in East Hartford, that has been erected in 1902.

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A word on cash and funds

The soldier associated with the régime that is ancien had been notoriously underpaid. Whenever salaries when it comes to troops had been increased by 50 % when it comes to expédition particulière, a fusilier received 9 sols 6 deniers per time or 14 livres 5 sols per month/171 livres per year. (For administrative purposes the military that is french on a monthly basis as having thirty day period.) The better-paid grenadier made 11 sols a day, 16 1/2 livres each month or 198 livres each year, as did a hussar. A sergeant-major, the highest-paid NCO, had 486 livres each year. Before departure, the ranking and file received a month’ pay plus 18 livres through the masse générale to equip themselves; another 18 livres through the masse had been distributed upon arrival in Newport. (All efforts to your masse générale, increased from 36 livres when it comes to infantry that is french 72 livres for the Foreign infantry to 48 and 84 livres to account fully for the expected high costs associated with United states campaign, had been included in the top.) Nonetheless they also had stoppages obtained from their pay. The ordonnance of 20 March 1780, set meals expenses at 2 sols for bread and 1 sol 6 d for beef a day. This designed a food that is monthly for each and every NCO and enlisted guy of

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